The unicorn is the Sacrificial Horse and the Cosmic Bull.

The seals are representation of the power of the Aryan. Specifically, they denote the power of the kings, just like coins had the crown  or some other abstract symbol of the state as a representation of the power of the ruler. Among the Aryans, the ashvamdha was the prime exhibition of force. Such was represented in…

Aryan Conquering path

  This is an approximate path, which can be changed depending on the reconstruction of the Saraswati river basin. But this is the overall idea of the path. It starts around Rakhigari, which is where the oldest signs of SSVC can be found. Also, it is acknoledged an early influence of the Angirases, priests from…

Westward Austronesian migrations and evidence for SAsian path.

Significance The prehistoric settlement of Madagascar by people from distant Southeast Asia has long captured both scholarly and public imagination, but on the ground evidence for this colonization has eluded archaeologists for decades. Our study provides the first, to our knowledge, archaeological evidence for an early Southeast Asian presence in Madagascar and reveals that this…

THE INTRODUCTION OF THE DOMESTICATED HORSE IN SOUTHWEST ASIA BY E.T. Shev

Unfortunately , the author misses  the Uzbek site, Ayakagytma. But the article is good and written in scientific spirit. Abstract : This compilation of faunal data has allowed the development of a chronology of the dispersal of domesticated horses from the Eurasian steppe into Southwest Asia. During the late Pleistocene, horses were widespread throughout much of the…

The Problem of Tocharian Origins: An Archaeological Perspective

J. P. Mallory Queen’s University, Belfast This study explores the problem of Tocharian origins in a series of stages, beginning with the archaeological identification of the historical Tocharians, the immediate antecedents of the historical Tocharians, the potential for identifying a source for the Tocharian languages outside the Tarim Basin, and, finally, how proposed external origins…

Cracking The Indus Script: A Potential Breakthrough

By Suzanne Sullivan    Back in the 1970s, my family lived in southern California. The infamous smog there often caused school closings in summer. I can recall walking home through the caustic, murky air, choking, eyes streaming with tears. Much of the time we couldn’t go to the beach, go hiking, fishing, or picnicking. My…

Urbanization on Indus Basin I

Spatio-Temporal evolution of Indus Urbanisation (this link is annex to the paper of the same name) Other videos showing the same data, in different representations (all those worth seeing) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC28bUJVfMWfCkcZj1cKaJIQ http://www.tifr.res.in/~archaeo/FOP/FOP%20pdf%20of%20ppt/Vahia%20Indus%20Civilisation.pdf It’s interesting that they find 3 clusters, that is, the Harappan civilization had 3 regions. And it seems the rest of India was also…

The PIE-Sumerian connection IV.

52.Sumerian kan4; KA “gate, door” connect this with PIE *ghai- “to yawn, gape” (cognates: Old Church Slavonic zijajo “to gape,” Lithuanian žioju, Czech zivati “to yawn,” Greek khainein, Latin hiare “to yawn, gape,” Sanskrit vijihite “to gape, be ajar”). Modern spelling is from 16c. Related: Yawned; yawning. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=yawn&allowed_in_frame=0 http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?single=1&basename=%2fdata%2fie%2fpiet&text_number=1641&root=confighttps://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/yawn#Etymology the IE root is the same…

The PIE-Sumerian connection III.

33. s murub (murub2) as “vulva; woman; sexual charm”; also (murub4, múru) as “central, median area; middle; waist, hips; in-between terrain; interval”, but also as “battle” (this meaning does not exist at EPSD). http://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf page 62 The meaning as “ battle” reminds Gr. μῶλος molos or μωλία molia = “battle, combat” also μωλέω = “to battle,…